- General objectives
- Increase the voice of consumers in SBM implementation and monitoring sanitation debate in 6 districts of Orissa and 6 districts of Tamil Nadu (demand side)
- Heighten the accountability of service providers to meet SBM targets and associated obligations in 6 districts each of Orissa and 6 districts of Tamil Nadu (supply side)
- Specific objectives
- Raise awareness of the SBM in 6% and 2% respectively of study area population in each of the 2 states—Odisha and Tamil Nadu.
- Strengthen the responsiveness of the service providers by reducing time taken to release funds.
The project aims to improve the governance of SBM and include citizen voices in its implementation and monitoring by addressing both demand and supply side issues. On the demand side, the project visualizes enhancement of the voice and participation of citizens in the SBM. On the supply side, it aims to increase the capacity of all stakeholders to efficiently utilize the resources available to them. The tools that are being used to achieve these objectives include:
- National Policy Review (NPR) at the National and State (for Odisha and Tamil Nadu in particular) level to understand the implementation process of the SBM, funds allocated and spent, secondary data used therein
- Citizen Report Cards (CRCs) in selected districts in Odisha and Tamil Nadu to assess the current construction and usage patterns through feedback from users and implementers
- Case Study Research in selected Gram Panchayats in each of the selected districts for an in-depth understanding of the demand-side issues and supply-side constraints.
- CRC+ exercises in selected Gram Panchayats in each district to assess fund flow (SET or Selected Expenditure Tracking) and functional responsibilities (FMA or Function Marker Analysis) handled by implementers
- Community Score Cards (CSCs) in selected Gram Panchayats in each district to try and improve forums for communities to place their voices and demand accountability.
The districts in each state chosen for the study are as follows:
- Tamil Nadu: Dharmapuri, Kanyakumari, Krishnagiri, Perambalur, Tirunelveli and Tiruchirappalli (Trichy).
- Odisha: Anugul, Baleshwar (Balasore), Cuttack, Dhenkanal, Ganjam and Sambalpur.
Relevant themes in the Study include
- Application for a toilet and incentive benefits
- Life span of a TSC/NBA/SBM toilet, availability of water for toilet usage
- Existence of rural sanitary marts and their utility by the beneficiaries
- Repair and maintenance of toilets built under earlier schemes
- Corruption and
PAC’s deliverables to BMGF include
- Five recommendations from the two CRCs (after policy-related advocacy and dissemination activities)
- Reports on the CRC+ and CSC exercises, National Policy Review updates, CRC 2 findings and final overall report
- Financial reports (of PAC as the primary grantee, WaterAid as the sub-grantee and PAF as the sub-contractor)