Assessing Double Injustice of Climate Change and Urbanisation on Water Security in Peri-urban Areas around Bangalore

This study jointly conducted by Public Affairs Centre (PAC) and the Environmental Management and Policy Research Institute (EMPRI) consisted of three phases: an exploratory phase, an initial phase where primary visioning exercises are undertaken. This phase consisted of identification of study areas and scoping visits to the field to understand the on-ground conditions. The second phase is the analytical phase which included household surveys to assess and identify household perceptions of drinking water security. Furthermore, 240 Fuzzy cognitive maps were developed with the aid of local communities to assess their perceptions of how urbanisation coupled with changing climate has impacted water security in peri-urban areas. These 240 maps were then condensed into three maps one for urbanisation, variation in rainfall and the last for increasing temperature. Moreover, interviews were conducted with key industries and Gram Panchayat members of the study area. In the third phase, neural network modelling was undertaken to identify and generate scenarios to improve water security. In addition, policy options were simulated based on various assumptions from the issues identified in the previous two phases. The outcomes were discussed with a group of experts and local communities. It was opined that there is need for increased awareness among the stakeholders, in addition to concerted efforts for continued dialogue between them.

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